94th Infantry Division (United States)
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Active: 1918 active, 1921–1942 reserve, 1942–1946 active, 1956 - present reserve
Country: United States
Branch: U.S. Army 1918; Organized Reserve Corps 1921 - 1942; U.S. Army 1942 - 1946; Army Reserve 1956 - present
Type: Division 1918 - 1967, regional reserve HQ 1968 - 2009, training division 2009 - present
Role: Infantry 1918 - 1967, combined arms & services 1968 - 2009, CAS training 2009 - present
Garrison/HQ: Puerto Rico 1918, Fort Custer, Michigan 1942 - 1943, deployed to ETO 1943 - 1946, ? 1956 - 1967, Hanscom A.F.B., Massachusetts 1968 - 2002, Fort Devens, Massachusetts 2002 - 2009, Fort Lee, Virginia 2009 - present
Nickname: ''Pilgrim Division'', ''Neuf-Cats'', ''Patton's Golden Nugget''
Engagements: World War I, World War II
The 94th Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I, and of the Organized Reserve Corps in 1921 until 1942. The 94th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War II, and of the United States Army Reserve from 1956 until 1963. It continued in the Army Reserve as the 94th Command Headquarters (Divisional) from 1963 until the Army's realignment of reserve component combat arms into the Army National Guard in 1967.
The 94th Army Reserve Command (later redesignated 94th Regional Support Command and 94th Regional Readiness Command) was a regional command and control headquarters over most United States Army Reserve units throughout the six New England states of Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. For forty years, beginning in the late 1960s, the United States Army Reserve was divided up into a varying number of regional, branch immaterial commands. Originally designated ''army reserve commands'' (''ARCOMs''), several were disbanded in and around 1995, while the remainder were redesignated ''regional support commands'' (''RSCs'') at that time and re-dubbed ''regional readiness commands'' (''RRCs'') in 2001. In addition to the RRCs, several mission oriented commands were established, including such as training divisions and engineer commands. Like most RRCs, the 94th Regional Readiness Command was scheduled to be deactivated in fiscal year 2009 as part of the Army Reserve's reorganisation into a functionally based command structure reporting to respective major Army commands (''MACOMs''); plans were altered, the 94th became a training division headquartered at Fort Lee.
The 94th ARCOM/RSC/RRC wore the shoulder sleeve insignia of the 94th Infantry Division but did not, according to the United States Army Center of Military History, perpetuate the lineage of the old division and was thus not entitled to the division's battle honors. Similarly, Army Regulation 840-10 dictates that the distinguishing flag of an RRC features a white bordered, 38.1 cm (15 in.) tall rendering of the shoulder sleeve insignia on a plain blue background, rather than on the horizontally divided bi-colour background of red over blue as carried by an infantry division.
The 94th Division (Force Sustainment) is a unit of the United States Army Reserve, charged with providing training in the eastern portion of the United States. The Division is based at Fort Lee, Virginia and is subordinate to the 80th Training Command. The 94th Infantry Division's standard (flag) and lineage bestowed upon the 94th Division (Force Sustainment) at its activation in 2009.