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1944 U.S.S. Razorback, SS-394 Submarine Launching Souvenir Tag
Item #k909
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1944 U.S.S. Razorback, SS-394 Submarine Launching Souvenir Tag
U.S.S. Razorback   SS-394   Submarine   Sub   Portsmouth Naval Shipyard   Kittery   Maine   Portsmouth   New Hampshire   United States   U.S. Navy   Ship   Military   Sailor   Serviceman   Veteran   Patriotic   World War II   WWII   Vietnam   War   Nautical   Americana   Advertising   Badge   Tag   Premium   Paper   Ephemera   Nostalgic   History   Historic   Home Front
The picture below shows a larger view of this 1944 U.S.S. Razorback, SS-394 Submarine Launching Souvenir Tag. This launching badge is believed to have been saved by a Portsmouth Naval Shipyard worker. It was found in New Hampshire with many others dating from 1943 to 1944 when many ships and submarines were built and launched to do battle in World War II. They had been hidden away since the 1940s until 2015. The submarine was launched from The Portsmouth Naval Ship Yard in Kittery, Maine.

This cardboard tag has its original black cord attached. It is imprinted in black and gold on a silver background. The back side is identical. It pictures a United States Navy Submarine and it is marked as follows:

LAUNCHING
U.S.S. RAZORBACK

The tag measures 1-3/4'' wide. It appears to be in mint condition as pictured.

Below here, for reference, is some historical information on the U.S.S. Razorback SS-394 submarine:

U.S.S. Razorback (SS-394)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

History
United States
Builder: Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Kittery, Maine
Laid down: 9 September 1943
Launched: 27 January 1944
Sponsored by: Mrs. H. F. D. Davis
Commissioned: 3 April 1944
Decommissioned: August 1952
Recommissioned: 1954
Decommissioned: 30 November 1970
Struck: 30 November 1970
Fate: Sold to Turkey, 30 November 1970

Turkey
Name: TCG Muratreis (S-336)
Acquired: 30 November 1970
Commissioned: 17 December 1971
Decommissioned: 8 August 2001
Fate: Sold to North Little Rock, Arkansas on 25 March 2004 to become a museum ship

General characteristics
Class & type: Balao class diesel-electric submarine
Displacement: 1,526 long tons (1,550 t) surfaced, 2,391 long tons (2,429 t) submerged
Length: 311 feet 6 inches (94.95 m)
Beam: 27 feet 3 inches (8.31 m)
Draft: 16 feet 10 inches (5.13 m) maximum
Propulsion: 4 - Fairbanks Morse Model 38D8 10 cylinder opposed piston diesel engines driving electrical generators, 2 - 126 cell Sargo batteries, 4 - high speed Elliott electric motors with reduction gears, two propellers, 5,400 shp (4.0 MW) surfaced, 2,740 shp (2.0 MW) submerged
Speed: 20.25 knots (37.50 km/h; 23.30 mph) surfaced, 8.75 knots (16.21 km/h; 10.07 mph) submerged
Range: 11,000 nmi (20,000 km; 13,000 mi) surfaced at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Endurance: 48 hours at 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph) submerged, 75 days on patrol
Test depth: 400 feet (120 m)
Complement: 10 officers, 70 - 71 enlisted
Armament: 10 - 21 inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, 6 forward, 4 aft, 24 torpedoes, 1 - 4 inch (102 mm) / 50 caliber deck gun, Bofors 40 mm and Oerlikon 20 mm cannon

General characteristics (Guppy IIA)
Class & type: none
Displacement: 1,848 long tons (1,878 t) surfaced, 2,440 long tons (2,480 t) submerged
Length: 307 feet (94 m)
Beam: 27 feet 4 inches (8.33 m)
Draft: 17 feet (5.2 m)
Propulsion: Snorkel added, One diesel engine and generator removed, Batteries upgraded to Sargo II
Speed: Surfaced: 17.0 knots (31.5 km/h; 19.6 mph) maximum, 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph) cruising, Submerged: 14.1 knots (26.1 km/h; 16.2 mph) for 1⁄2 hour, 8.0 knots (14.8 km/h; 9.2 mph) snorkeling, 3.0 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) cruising
Armament: 10 - 21 inches (533 mm) torpedo tubes, (6 forward, 4 aft), all guns removed

The U.S.S. Razorback (SS-394), a Balao class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named after the razorback, a species of whale (Balaenoptera physalus) found in the far southern reaches of the Pacific Ocean. It is arguably the longest serving submarine still existing in the world, having been commissioned by two different countries for 53 years of active duty. In 2004, the state of Arkansas adopted the submarine, although it was not named after the University of Arkansas mascot.

Her keel was laid down by the Portsmouth Navy Yard in Kittery, Maine on 9 September 1943. She was launched on 27 January 1944 along with Redfish and Ronquil. Scabbardfish was launched a few hours later, making 27 January 1944 the first and only time the US Navy has launched four submarines at one shipyard in a single day. Razorback was sponsored by Mrs. H. F. D. Davis, and commissioned on 3 April 1944 with Lieutenant Commander Albert M. Bontier in command.

World War II
During shakedown exercises off New London, Connecticut, Razorback ran aground off Race Rock in Block Island Sound. A board of inquiry removed Bontier and the executive officer, Lieutenant John Haines, and replaced them respectively with Commander Roy S. Benson and Lieutenant Commander C. Donald Brown. After shakedown off New England, Razorback sailed to Pearl Harbor. Her first war patrol, commencing 25 August, was conducted east of Luzon as a member of an offensive group in support of the mid September Palau landings. After sighting only enemy antisubmarine planes, she headed northeastward, arriving at Midway Island on 19 October.

On 15 November Razorback sailed from Midway Island on her second war patrol under the command of Lieutenant Commander Brown in company with Trepang and Segundo. Operating with these submarines in the Luzon Straits, Razorback damaged 6933 ton freighter Kenjo Maru on 6 December and sank the old 820 ton destroyer Kuretake and damaged another freighter on 30 December. She arrived at Guam for refit on 5 January 1945.

On 1 February Razorback set out for the East China Sea for her third war patrol, this time accompanied by Segundo and Sea Cat. After sinking four wooden ships in three separate surface gun actions, she deposited three Japanese prisoners at Guam before terminating her patrol at Pearl Harbor on 26 March 1945.

On 7 May Razorback headed west again. Assigned to lifeguard duty in the Nanp Islands and Tokyo Bay areas, she rescued Lieutenant Colonel Charles E. Taylor, a P-51 fighter pilot from the 21st Fighter Group on 25 May. On 5 June she rescued four B-29 Superfortress crewmen shot down during an air raid over Kobe, Japan. Razorback retired to Midway Island to end that patrol and refit on 27 June.

On 22 July Razorback departed Midway Island for patrol in the Okhotsk Sea, where she sank six wooden cargo sea trucks and damaged two in a surface gun action. The remainder of the patrol was spent performing lifeguard services off Paramushiro for Alaska based planes. On 31 August Razorback entered Tokyo Bay with 11 other submarines to take part in the formal Japanese surrender. She departed 3 September, arrived at Pearl Harbor on 11 September and San Diego, on 20 September.

1945–1954
After the war she remained active with the Pacific Fleet serving off Japan and China in early 1948 and again in late 1949. She won the Navy ''E'' for overall excellence in 1949. In August 1952 she decommissioned incident to conversion to a GUPPY IIA-type submarine. She recommissioned in January 1954 and reported to Submarine Squadron 10 at New London, Connecticut, for shakedown and training.

1954–1970
Following shakedown Razorback was transferred to the West Coast and on 24 May 1954 became a unit of Submarine Squadron 3, based at San Diego, California. The remainder of 1954 and 1955 were spent providing antisubmarine training services for local surface and air units. In 1956 her range of operations was extended north to Canada and on 24 June 1957 she got underway for an extended Far East patrol that included extensive surveillance of the Russian port of Petropavlovsk. She won a second Battle ''E'' in 1959.

On 11 May 1962, Razorback participated in the ''SWORDFISH'' nuclear weapons test, a test of the ASROC (Anti Submarine Rocket). An ASROC with a 10 kiloton, W44 nuclear depth charge warhead was fired by the destroyer Agerholm at a target raft from a range of 2 nautical miles (3.7 km). Razorback was submerged at periscope depth approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) from the target raft. The explosion produced an underwater shock wave that shook Razorback. A video of this test is available from the Department of Energy.

Regularly deployed to the Seventh Fleet into the sixties Razorback sailed into the South China Sea on her 1965 deployment where she earned her first Vietnam Service Medal. She returned to San Diego on 1 February 1966, but was in the western Pacific from 29 December 1966 to 3 July 1967 and from 6 August 1968 to February 1969. During 1969 she continued to operate on the west coast out of San Diego, winning her third Battle ''E'' on 2 July 1969. Razorback's last deployment, again to the western Pacific, was from 30 January to 7 August 1970. During a stopover in Guam, scenes for the film Noon Sunday were shot aboard the boat. Not long after her return to the West Coast, she was decommissioned at Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard. Concurrent with her decommissioning on 30 November, Razorback was transferred to the Turkish Navy.

In her 26 years of service in the U.S. Navy Razorback earned five battle stars for World War II service, four campaign stars for Vietnam War service and two awards of the Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal.

Click on image to zoom.
1944 U.S.S. Razorback, SS-394 Submarine Launching Souvenir Tag


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