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1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipients Gold Pin
Item #h063
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This item is already sold1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipients Gold Pin
Theodore Vail   Gold   Medal   Award   Pin   Jewelry   History   Historic   Telephone   Phone   Telegraph   Bell   AT&T   Communication   Invention   Service   Alexander Graham Bell   Company
The pictures show a front and back view of 1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipient Gold Pin and the back section which is included here. We would guess that those that received the gold medal would be a relatively small group of the total medal recipients, because they were limited and reserved for the very best of all. It is engraved with the initials ''C.W.W.'' at the bottom. We assume that these pins were given with the medals so that they may be worn on a suit lapel.

The medal was created in 1920 and this pin would have gone with one of the earliest gold medals that was awarded in the 1920s. It was awarded in 1921 to a young man by the name of Cortez William Willey. Here is his act and his photo is below.

CORTEZ WILLIAM WILLEY Section Lineman of Providence, Rhode Island - CITATION In recognition of prompt action in meeting an emergency in which human life was at stake On February 8th 1921 while on his way to work Section Lineman Cortez William Willey saw a small boy struggling in the water of Lee's River at Swansea, Massachusetts with the current dragging him beyond his depth. Acting promptly Section Lineman Willey tied his hand line to a board and got it to the boy who held on until nearly ashore when becoming chilled and numbed he lost hold. Section Lineman Willey there upon waded into the water and carried him to safety.

There is a description of the figures that are on the medal design below. It is difficult to see, but it is marked around those figures and on the back as follows:

C.W.W. (engraved)
14K (twice)

The original back section is included and it is marked as follows:

PAT. MAY 15, 1923

Here is an opportunity to own a genuine piece of History. To judge the sizes the pin measures 1/2'' wide. It has not been cleaned and appears to be in mint condition with a light aged patina as pictured. Below here, for reference, is some Historical information about the Vail medal and about the man: Theodore N. Vail:

The Vail Medal

The Vail Medal was created in 1920 in memory of Theodore N. Vail (President of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company from 1907 to 1919) to perpetuate his ideals of service to the public. The medal, which bears his likeness, was awarded to individuals for noteworthy acts reflecting the Bell System's highest traditions of loyalty and devotion to duty.

Adolph Alexander Weinman, one of the leading sculptors in the United States, designed the Vail Medal in 1921. In designing the medal, Mr. Weinman captured not only the personality of Vail, but also his ideals of service to the public. The face of the medal bears a portrait of Vail, while on the reverse; the central figure represents the ''Civilizing Force of Communication'' speeding the winged message along the wires. At the right, ''Loyalty to Service'' upholds the left hand of the central figure, while a third figure, ''Devotion to Duty,'' helps to support the lines of communication.

There are three types of Vail Medals: bronze, silver and gold. Bronze medals were awarded to individuals in each Bell System company, by that company's awards committee. A Bell System Committee then reviewed these cases and selected those of ''especially outstanding excellence or importance'' for silver or gold medal awards. A bronze medal was also awarded to groups of employees where the noteworthy act was due to the concerted action of the group, rather than by an individual.

An embossed citation certificate, with a brief description of the circumstances that occasioned the award, was given to each Vail Medal recipient. A bronze plaque commemorating the act was presented to the company concerned. These plaques were designed for display in telephone buildings as a permanent and public memorial. Plaques may be seen to this day in telephone company buildings across the nation.

Up to the breakup of the Bell System in 1984, hundreds of awards were made to telephone company employees who embodied the ideal of service. Men and women of the Bell System performed acts of public service and bravery ranging from struggling through a blizzard to fix a downed line; saving a child from a burning building or a man from a raging flood; to staying at the switchboard while bullets flew, and were celebrated with the award of a Vail medal.


''Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone and Theodore Vail invented the telephone business.''

Theodore Newton Vail was born in 1847, in Carroll County, Ohio. Vail was a dreamy boy and a great reader and, in his early adulthood, had trouble sticking to any one career. According to Albert Bigelow Paine, in his 1921 biography of Vail, One Man's Life, ''His father more than once declared that he expected to have to support him.''

He went to work for the U.S. Postal Railway System as a mail clerk. From the very beginning on this job, he began to develop the mail delivery system used to this day by the U. S. Postal System. His system allowed mail to be delivered up to two weeks earlier than was done before. He initiated schematic distribution in the West, and within 6 years expanded the system to include the vast network of rails throughout the country. Perhaps the finest tribute to Vail was that his success was met with almost no resentment or jealousy, but rather an outpouring of sincere warmth and congratulations from peers and coworkers. They felt ''he faithfully earned the laurels won, and hoped to hear of his continued recognition, believing he belonged further up the scale.''

The American Bell Company

In 1878, Vail became the General Manager of the fledgling Bell Company, joining the other officers, which consisted of Gardiner Hubbard (President), Thomas Sanders (Treasurer), Alexander Graham Bell (Electrician) and Thomas Watson (General Superintendent). Mergers and buyouts were the order of the day, just as they are currently. Thomas Edison had sold his transmitter (far superior to Bell's) to Western Union, which had designs on buying the American Bell. However, a young inventor, Francis Blake, Jr., came up with an even better transmitter and sold the rights to Bell. In a dramatic turnabout, Bell bought Western Union and began to offer both telephone and telegraph service. The name of the company was changed to The American Telephone and Telegraph Company, or AT&T. As technology evolved, copper wire became the conductor of choice, the bell was established as the signaling device and clear, static free conversations became the norm. Vail himself held a dozen patents.

At age forty, Vail resigned as General Manager of American Bell to become the first President of AT&T. Theodore Vail had the philosophy that customer service, not increasing dividends, was the most important thing to a corporation. His policy and vision was always larger than current minds. Universal service and commitment to the customer were his policies. AT&T was almost certainly the first large private organization to adopt a conscious, clearly articulated policy of subordinating the maximization of profit to the provision of service, a milestone in industrial history. Two years later he resigned from AT&T because of escalating disagreements over service improvements versus short term financial gain. Vail was unable to convince his Board of the value of ''service first''.

Vail Returns twenty years later when he was asked to return as President. During his hiatus, he had developed electricity from waterpower in South America, financed a gold mine in Colorado and invested in electric tramlines. Vail had left the company in its youth; he now found a great and wallowing giant, needing to be set on its feet. During his absence, the company's directors had viewed their mission as being to milk the Bell Patents for all they were worth until their expiration. The attitude had become one of an elitist monopoly doing the public a favor. When the patents expired and the Bell Company was no longer a monopoly, the trouble really started.

''Independent'' companies (those in smaller towns and on farmer's lines where the Bell company had no service) were now able to compete directly in those areas where Bell had held a monopoly. This ushered in a confusing, chaotic era of two or even three companies in the same area. In order for customers to speak to all others in their own town, it was often necessary to have 2 or three separate telephones and lines. Because of their cavalier attitude, Bell was not always the favorite company among these customers. They were beginning to lose ground. Vail was just the man to help AT&T make the necessary hard decisions and to begin to turn the company around. The first thing they needed was a clear sense of purpose and mission. He set about implementing his strategy to achieve a single communication system offering the best possible service.

He put an end to the harassment of the independent telephone companies and made it attractive for them to link up with Bell. He put new emphasis on centralized control and standardization of apparatus, equipment and operating methods. He announced the policy of candor and cooperation with government regulatory efforts, determined that the telephone system should remain in private hands. Finally, he established a firm financial foundation for growth, by raising millions of dollars and redesigning the AT&T stock offerings to appeal to investors interested in steady income and growth. He undertook a vigorous campaign of public relations, and was responsible for the motto, ''One policy, one system, and universal service.'' He began advertising the story of the Bell System as an institution representative of American life and the American Dream.

In June of 1919, he retired as President and became Chairman of the Board. Vail was 74 years old when he died on April 16, 1920 at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. The Vail medal was established in his memory in 1921, to award employees ''in recognition of unusual acts or services, which conspicuously illustrate the high ideals which governed the policy of Mr. Vail''.

Vail's legacy

Some of Vail's most important actions were: He developed pensions. He secured the company from government control during wartime. He played a large role in the founding of the Telephone Pioneers of America, becoming its first President. He structured operating companies, laying out the geographical boundaries of the Bell Companies. He helped create, and listened in on, the first transcontinental telephone conversation. He was a founder of the Junior Achievement program, that is still teaching our youth how to operate a business.

His advice to employees still resonates: No business talk after six o'clock. Tranquil thought is always needed. Refuse to be hurried. Love your work and have pride in it. Be courageous, state both sides of an issue openly. Never let them know if you are worried. Service improvements are more important (and lucrative) than short term gains. If we don't tell the truth about ourselves, no one else will.

From the Vail exhibit in the Telephone Museum of New Mexico in Albuquerque, by Susie Turner.

Click on image to zoom.
1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipients Gold Pin 1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipients Gold Pin 1920s Theodore N. Vail Gold Medal Award Recipients Gold Pin

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