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1943 U.S.S. Hunt & U.S.S. Lewis Hancock Ship Launching Pin Back Button
Item #d745
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This item is already sold1943 U.S.S. Hunt & U.S.S. Lewis Hancock Ship Launching Pin Back Button
U.S.S. Hunt   U.S.S. Lewis Hancock   United States   U.S. Navy   Ship   Destroyer   Military   Sailor   World War II   WWII   War   Americana   Historic   Advertising   Celluloid   Pin Back Button
The picture shows a front and back view of this 1943 U.S.S. Hunt & U.S.S. Lewis Hancock Ship Launching Pin Back Button. This launching badge is believed to have been saved by a shipyard worker. It was found in a Staten Island, New York attic with many others dating from 1941 to 1944 when many ships were launched to do battle in World War II. They had been hidden away in that attic from the 1940s until 2008. The ships were launched from The Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock of Kearny, New Jersey.

This pinback button is imprinted in black on a white background. The paper insert is missing from the back but it was made by The Whitehead & Hoag Company of Newark, New Jersey. It is marked on the front as follows:

U.S.S. HUNT
AND
U.S.S. LEWIS HANCOCK
LAUNCHING
AUGUST 1, 1943

The pin back button measures 1-1/2'' wide. It is in poor condition with water spotting and surface rusting on the back as pictured.

Below here, for reference, is some information on the U.S.S. Hunt and U.S.S. Lewis Hancock:

U.S.S. Hunt (DD-674)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Career (US)

Namesake: William H. Hunt
Builder: Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Kearny, N.J.
Laid down: 31 March 1943
Launched: 1 August 1943
Commissioned: 22 September 1943 to 15 December 1945; 31 October 1951 to 30 December 1963
Struck: 1 December 1974
Fate: Sold for scrap, 14 August 1975

General characteristics

Class and type: Fletcher class destroyer
Displacement: 2,924 tons (full)
Length: 376 ft. 5 in. (114.7 m)
Beam: 39 ft. 7 in. (12.1 m)
Draft: 13 ft. 9 in. (4.2 m)
Propulsion: 60,000 shp (45 MW); geared turbines; 2 propellers
Speed: 38 knots (70 km/h)
Range: 6,500 nautical miles at 15 kt (12,000 km at 30 km/h)
Complement: 273 officers and crew
Armament: 5 - 5 in.(127 mm)/38 guns, 4 - 40 mm AA guns, 4 - 20 mm AA guns, 10 - 21 in. torpedo tubes, 6 depth charge projectors, 2 depth charge tracks.

U.S.S. Hunt (DD-674) was a Fletcher class destroyer of the United States Navy, the second Navy ship named for William H. Hunt, Secretary of the Navy under President James A. Garfield. Hunt was launched by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Kearny, N.J., 1 August 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Henry Kent Hewitt, wife of Vice Admiral Hewitt, and granddaughter of the namesake; and commissioned 22 September 1943, Commander Frank P. Mitchell in command.

World War II
After shakedown off Bermuda and final alterations in New York Navy Yard, Hunt cleared Norfolk, Va. for the Pacific 2 December 1943. She entered Pearl Harbor 24 December 1943 and joined Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force (then 5th Fleet's TF 58, later 3rd Fleet's TF 38) operating as a part of the antisubmarine screen for a task group which included aircraft carriers U.S.S. Essex (CV-9), U.S.S. Intrepid (CV-11), and U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28).

1944
Hunt sortied with the carrier task force 16 January 1944 to support the invasion of the Marshall Islands, the operation which, in the words of Rear Adm. Richard L. Conolly, ''... really cracked the Japanese shell. It broke the crust of their defenses on a scale that could be exploited at once.'' At dawn 29 January, Mitscher's planes opened the operation with strikes against enemy held airfields on Roi Island, Kwajalein Atoll, while Hunt protected the carriers from which they were launched. The next day she joined battleships U.S.S. North Carolina (BB-55), U.S.S. South Dakota (BB-57) and U.S.S. Alabama (BB-60) in shelling pillboxes and other targets on the northern beaches of Roi and Namur Islands. After 2 days on bombardment station she rejoined the screen of the carriers who were furnishing planes to support landing operations on the small islands adjoining Roi and Namur. She entered newly won Majuro Lagoon in company with Essex 5 February 1944 for replenishment.

On 12 February Hunt sailed with most of the Fast Carrier Force to neutralize Truk Atoll, that reputedly impregnable enemy air and naval base which threatened both General Douglas MacArthur's forces then encircling Rabaul and Rear Adm. Harry W. Hill's amphibious vessels preparing to assault Eniwetok. In the early morning darkness of 17 February, Hunt arrived off Truk with the rest of the force which began the systematic destruction of the Japanese ships and planes caught in the area. A group of heavies, two battleships, two heavy cruisers, and four destroyers, circled the atoll to catch enemy ships attempting to escape, while carrier based planes attacked targets on the islands and in the Lagoon. Hunt's role in the operation was to protect Admiral Albert E. Montgomery's carrier group from submarine or air attack. When her task force steamed away the following evening, its planes and ships had sunk two light cruisers, 4 destroyers, 3 auxiliary cruisers, 6 auxiliaries of different types, and 137,091tons of merchant shipping. Moreover, the destruction and damaging of between 250 and 275 enemy planes was especially gratifying to the Navy which, by this successful raid, had forced the Japanese Combined Fleet to shun Truk, its base since July 1942, in favor of safer areas closer to home.

After clearing Truk, Hunt, in company with the carrier U.S.S. Enterprise (CV-6), cruiser U.S.S. San Diego (CL-53), and five other destroyers, left the main body of the task force to raid ''leapfrogged'' Jaluit Atoll, Marshall Islands, 20 February 1944. The next day she anchored in Majuro Lagoon from which, after a brief visit to Pearl Harbor, she put to sea as a part of the screen of the Bunker Hill carrier task group (TG 58.2) bound for the Palau Islands 22 March. She steamed on station as the first air strikes at Peleliu were launched 30 March. Intense and accurate antiaircraft fire from Hunt and her sister ships drove off three flight groups of Japanese torpedo bombers as strikes continued during the next 3 days. On 1 April she left the formation with destroyer U.S.S. Hickox (DD-673) to destroy two 125-foot patrol craft which had been firing on American planes.

She returned to Majuro on 6 April for replenishment, then set course with the Bunker Hill carrier task group to lend support to the invasion and occupation of Hollandia, D.N.G. Planes from the carriers repeatedly struck enemy emplacements in the area, and night fighters successfully repelled all enemy planes which approached the warships. On the passage returning to Majuro Hunt's carriers paused off Truk 29 and 30 April for another raid on that weakened but reinforced enemy base. Thereafter Truk was almost useless to the Japanese.

May was a welcome interlude devoted to training exercises in the Marshalls enlivened by a diversionary raid on Wake Island 24 May to draw attention away from the Marianas. Hunt put to sea with the Bunker Hill carrier task group 6 June for the invasion of the Marianas. The first air strikes of the operation against the Island Group were launched on 11 June and continued until 15 June when the marines hit the beaches, and attention shifted to providing close support for troops ashore. On that day, Admiral Raymond A. Spruance receivedj a warning from submarine U.S.S. Flying Fish (SS-229) that an enemy carrier force was approaching from San Bernardino Strait. In the early hours of 19 June it arrived within striking distance of the fast carrier force which guarded the amphibious forces off Saipan. The Battle of the Philippine Sea began in a series of dog fights over Guam, where American planes were neutralizing Japanese land based air forces. About an hour and a half later, the major phase of the battle, nicknamed ''The Marianas Turkey Shoot'', opened when the American flattops launched their fighters to intercept the first of four raids from the Japanese carriers. During the ensuing 8 hours of fierce, continuous fighting in the air, Japan lost 346 planes and 2 carriers while only 30 U.S. planes splashed and 1 American battleship suffered a bomb hit but was not put out of action. Hunt then steamed westward with the carriers in pursuit of the fleeing remnants of the enemy fleet. The following afternoon planes from the carriers caught up with their quarry and accounted for carrier Hiy and two oilers while damaging several other Japanese ships. This carrier battle, the greatest of the war, virtually wiped out the emperor's naval air power which would be sorely missed in the impending battle for Leyte Gulf.

The next evening the task force gave up the chase and set course for Saipan. On the return passage, Hunt rescued four pilots and seven crewmen from planes which had been unable to land on their carriers. Once back in the Marianas, Hunt and her sister ships resumed the task of supporting the American forces which were taking Saipan, [Battle of Tinian], and Guam. They continued this duty until fighting in these islands ended early in August.

After voyage repairs at Pearl Harbor, she departed 30 August as part of the screen for Admiral William F. Halsey's flagship, U.S.S. New Jersey (BB-62). Hunt joined the Bunker Hill Carrier Group off the Admiralty Islands 6 September for operations south of the Palau Islands. On 11 September she carried Admiral Halsey from the U.S.S. New Jersey to carrier U.S.S. Lexington (CV-16) for a conference and returned him to his flagship. In the following days she guarded the carriers which were repeatedly raiding the Palaus to soften them up for the invasion. When marines [Battle of Peleliu landed on Peleliu] 15 September, planes from these carriers supported the efforts on shore until the determined leathernecks finally stamped out the last organized resistance of the dogged Japanese defenders. Hunt entered Kossol Passage 30 September to embark Admiral Halsey and his staff for passage to Peleliu. Hunt put him ashore that afternoon and steamed off shore as stand by flagship until the following afternoon when he again came on board to be returned to Kossol Passage.

On 6 October, she cleared port with the Bunker Hill carrier task group for air strikes against Okinawa Jima. Hunt rescued a pilot and two crewmen of a splashed Bunker Hill plane 10 October. She repeated this feat 2 days later when she saved a pilot and two crewmen whose plane had been downed during an attack on Formosan airbases. Hunt accompanied the carriers off Northern Luzon during the landings on Leyte 20 October while they struck again and again at Japanese airfields throughout the Philippines to eliminate enemy airpower during General MacArthur's long awaited return. During the decisive Battle for Leyte Gulf they went after the Japanese northern force and sank four carriers and a destroyer besides damaging several other ships.

1945
For the rest of the year, Hunt continued to serve as a screening unit for the carrier strikes against Formosa and Japanese held areas in the Philippines. On 16 February 1945, her fast carrier task force hit hard at the Tokyo Bay area in a furious 2 day attack. Then the flattops turned their attention to support the landings on Iwo Jima which began 19 February. That day her guns brought down an enemy plane as they repelled the first of the air raids against American ships off that bitterly contested island. Hunt sailed from Iwo Jima 22 February for waters off Honsh, Japan and another swipe at Tokyo Bay, 25 February. On the way to Ulithi the carriers paused to strike Okinawa 1 March.

Hunt departed Ulithi 14 March for rendezvous with the carrier U.S.S. FrankIin (CV-13) off the Ryukyu Islands 18 March. The next day Franklin maneuvered closer to the Japanese mainland than had any other U.S. carrier up to that point in the war to launch a fighter sweep against Honsh and later a strike against shipping in Kobe Harbor. Suddenly a single enemy plane broke through the cloud cover and made a low level run to drop two semi-armor piercing bombs on the gallant ship. The carrier burned furiously as the flames triggered ammunition, bombs, and rockets. Hunt closed the stricken ship to assist in picking up survivors blown overboard by the explosions. After rescuing 429 survivors, she joined three other destroyers in a clockwise patrol around the stricken ship which had gone dead in the water within 50miles of the Japanese Coast. The Cruiser U.S.S. Pittsburgh (CA-72) took the ship in tow and, after an epic struggle, managed to get her to Ulithi 24 March. Hunt put the survivors ashore and sped to the Ryukyus 5 April to support troops who were struggling to take Okinawa.

Hunt took up radar picket station off Okinawa 8 April. On 14 April a kamikaze roared in toward Hunt and was riddled by her guns during the approach. It struck the destroyer at deck level shearing off the mainmast and slicing into the forward stack, where it left its starboard wing. The fuselage of the suicide plane splashed into the water about 25 yards from Hunt whose crew quickly doused the small fires which had broken out on board. A second kamikaze which approached Hunt that day was knocked down by her alert gunners before it could reach the ship. Hunt continued to guard the carriers as they gave direct support to troops on Okinawa, taking time out on 4 separate days for radar picket duty in dangerous waters. When she departed Ryukyus 30 May for tender overhaul in Leyte Gulf, her crew had been to general quarters 54 times. Hunt sailed for the United States 19 June 1945, arrived in San Francisco, Calif. for overhaul 6 July, and decommissioned 15 December 1945 at San Diego, California.

1951 - 1963
Hunt recommissioned at San Diego 31 October 1951, Commander. Lynn F. Barry in command. After refresher training in local areas, she departed 14 February for Newport, Rhode Island where she arrived 3 March 1952. She cruised from that port for the next 2 years conducting antisubmarine and plane guard duty. She departed Newport 1 June 1954 for Yokosuka, Japan where she arrived 7 July and was underway again 16 July for task force maneuvers off the Philippine Islands. On 21 October she cleared Sasebo, Japan, on the second leg of a world cruise which took her to Hong Kong, Singapore, the Suez Canal, and Naples which she reached 20 November 1954. She passed through the Strait of Gibraltar 12 December 1954 and arrived back in Newport 18 December.

The next 2 years were filled with intensive antisubmarine warfare and convoy exercises. Hunt departed Newport 6 November for patrol in the Eastern Mediterranean during the Suez Crisis and the Hungarian Revolution. She returned to Newport 27 February 1957 where more antisubmarine warfare and convoy exercises awaited. She embarked midshipmen at Annapolis for a training cruise which included the International Naval Review in Hampton Roads on 12 June, and a visit to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; future United States Senator and presidential candidate John McCain was one of the midshipmen on this cruise. She departed Newport for Belfast, Northern Ireland 3 September to participate in Operation ''Seaspray'', maneuvers with the combined forces of NATO. From 22 October 1957 through 1 August 1958 Hunt operated out of Newport. On the latter date while on a cruise to the Caribbean she sped from San Juan, Puerto Rico to join the attack carrier U.S.S. Saratoga (CVA-60) in the Mediterranean to augment the 6th Fleet during the Near Eastern crisis which had necessitated the landing of marines in Beirut, Lebanon to check aggression. She reached that port 28 August and 3 days later was underway for the Red Sea. She completed transit of the Suez Canal 11 September for Massawa, Ethiopia, and after calling at Aden, Arabia, set course 14 October for the Mediterranean and maneuvers with the 6th Fleet en route home to Newport, arriving 13 November.

Hunt operated out of Newport with occasional cruises in the Caribbean conducting exercises in antisubmarine warfare and battle practice. She won the Battle Efficiency Award for the fiscal year 1957 to 1958 and repeated the feat for the 1958 to 1959 period. She decommissioned 30 December 1963 and was berthed in the Atlantic Reserve Fleet at Philadelphia, Pa. Hunt was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register 1 December 1974. She was sold 14 August 1975 and broken up for scrap.


**************************************


U.S.S. Lewis Hancock (DD-675)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Career (US)

Name: Lewis Hancock
Namesake: Lewis Hancock, Jr.
Builder: Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Kearny, N.J.
Laid down: 31 March 1943
Launched: 1 August 1943
Commissioned: 29 September 1943
Decommissioned: 18 December 1957
Struck: 15 March 1973
Fate: Transferred to Brazil, 1 August 1967

Career (Brazil)

Name: Piaui (D 31)
Acquired: 1 August 1967
Commissioned: 1 August 1967
Struck: 1989
Fate: Scrapped, 1989

General characteristics

Class and type: Fletcher class destroyer
Displacement: 2,050 tons
Length: 376 ft. 5 in. (114.7 m)
Beam: 39 ft. 7 in. (12.1 m)
Draft: 17 ft. 9 in (5.4 m)
Propulsion: 60,000 shp (45 MW); geared turbines; 2 propellers
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Range: 6,500 nautical miles at 15 kt (12,000 km at 30 km/h)
Complement: 329
Armament: 5 - 5 in.(127 mm)/38 guns, 10 - 40 mm AA guns, 7 - 20 mm AA guns, 10 - 21in. torpedo tubes, 6 depth charge projectors, 2 depth charge tracks.

U.S.S. Lewis Hancock (DD-675) was a Fletcher class destroyer of the United States Navy, named for Lieutenant Commander Lewis Hancock, Jr. (1889 - 1925). Lewis Hancock was laid down 31 March 1943 by Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Kearny, N.J.; launched 1 August; sponsored by Lt. Joy Hancock, U.S.N.R., widow of Lieutenant Commander Hancock, and the first Wave officer to christen a U.S. combatant ship; and commissioned 29 September 1943, Comdr. Charles H. Lyman III in command.

World War II
Following shakedown out of Bermuda, the U.S.S. Lewis Hancock in company with the U.S.S. Langley (CVL-27) sailed from New York 6 December for the Pacific; arrived Pearl Harbor on Christmas Day 1943; and joined Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's Fast Carrier Task Force (then 5th Fleet's TF 58, later 3rd Fleet's TF 38), a mighty naval weapon organized to neutralize Japanese airpower and forward bases in advance of leapfrogging American amphibious operations. On 16 January 1944 Lewis Hancock sortied from Pearl Harbor with Task Group 58.2 (TG 58.2) for the invasion of the Marshall Islands. Assigned the task of neutralizing enemy airpower on Kwajalein Atoll, the flattops in Lewis Hancock's group smashed the airdrome at Roi on the 29th, destroying every Japanese plane. The next day a second carrier strike hit defensive positions softening enemy emplacements in preparation for landings on the 31st. For the next 3 days planes from the carriers provided close tactical support for the marines who wrested the atoll from the Japanese Emperor. The destroyer returned to Majuro Logoon on the 4th. The destroyer accompanied the task force on the first strike against Truk, the major Japanese naval base in the Central Pacific, 16 and 17 February. In this operation Mitscher's ships and planes destroyed several enemy warships, some 200,000tons of merchant shipping, and about 275 planes.

Lewis Hancock departed the Hawaiian Islands 15 March for 5 months of action in the forward areas. After rejoining TG58.2, she screened the heavies during a strike on the Palaus late in March and during the capture of Hollandia in April. In May they hit the Marcus Wake area. On 11 June planes of the task force began the softening up process against Saipan, Tinian, Guam, and other islands of the Marianas. Normally assigned antiaircraft and antisubmarine duties. Lewis Hancock also bombarded Saipan on the 13th.

The Japanese attempted to counter the American thrust, into the Marianas by striking at the invading task force with their full naval strength. The U.S. carriers, guarded by Lewis Hancock, smashed the enemy fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea 19 and 20 June, and thus saved the forces which were conquering the Marianas. Thereafter. the giant flattops continued to support operations in the Marianas and in July raided the Bonins and the Palaus.

Following 2 weeks at Pearl Harbor, Lewis Hancock joined TF 38. Attacks on airstrips in the Philippines, Okinawa, and Formosa followed in rapid succession. On 13 September, during her first raid against the Philippines, Lewis Hancock splashed her first enemy plane. These airstrikes helped to neutralize Japan's airpower and soften up her defenses for General Douglas MacArthur's long awaited return to the Philippines. The U.S. troops landed on the beaches of Leyte, and Japan struck back with her full fleet in effort to stem the American advance. In the ensuing Battle of Leyte Gulf, while acting as a picket ship, Lewis Hancock assisted in sinking an enemy destroyer.

Joining the 5th Fleet in February 1945, she participated in a series of raids against the Japanese home islands striking Tokyo on the 16th and 25th and the Kobe-Osaka area 19 March. During the later raid, DD-675 splashed her final enemy planes, numbers 5 and 6. On 1 April the Navy placed the American flag on the doorstep of Japan with the landings on Okinawa. Lewis Hancock supported the struggle for that bitterly contested island until heading for home 10 May. Miraculously undamaged and having suffered only four casualties during 16 months in the Pacific, this veteran steamed into San Francisco 6 July. Released from drydock overhaul 30 August, Lewis Hancock was girding herself to return to the war when the Japanese surrendered. She arrived San Diego 7 September and decommissioned 10 January 1946.

1951 - 1957
The Korean War ended her retirement. On Armed Forces Day, 19 May 1951, she was recommissioned at the Naval Station, Long Beach, California, Comdr. R. L. Tully in command. On 11 October she departed San Diego for the east coast and arrived Newport, Rhode Island on the 27th for modernization.

The U.S.S. Lewis Hancock departed Newport under the command of Commander Myron Alpert 6 September 1952, sailed through the Panama Canal, and reached Yokosuka, Japan 20 October. After additional training, she entered Korean waters early in December. Following brief service on the east coast of Korea, she steamed to the embattled peninsula's west coast 18 December and operated with the carrier H.M.S. Glory for the remainder of the year. This Far Eastern deployment ended late in January 1953 when she departed Tokyo Bay for Newport via Southeast Asia, the Middle East, the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean. Her arrival at Newport completed a circumnavigation of the world.

Lewis Hancock now began a pattern of service alternating operations along the east coast with European deployments. In October she sailed for 4 months in European waters. She sailed for home 24 January 1954 and operated along the Atlantic coast until heading back toward Europe in May 1955 for 4 months of joint operations with the British Home Fleet and operations with the Spanish Navy, before returning to Newport late in August.

The destroyer operated in the western Atlantic until the rising tension in the Middle East called her back to the volatile Mediterranean. The destroyer got underway 15 April 1956, transited the Suez Canal 9 May and operated in the Red Sea and Persian Gulf. She returned to the Mediterranean, one of the last ships to pass through the Suez Canal before it closed, and arrived home 14 August.

Following a period of refresher training and plane guard duty, Lewis Hancock departed Newport 6 May 1957, again heading east. In between 6th Fleet exercises the destroyer operated for 5 weeks in the Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Indian Ocean. Lewis Hancock concluded this last foreign cruise at Newport 31 August. She arrived at Philadelphia 24 September, decommissioned there 18 December 1957, and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. Lewis Hancock received nine battle stars for World War II service, and two for Korean service.

NAE Piaui (D 31)
Brought out of mothballs and modernized, Lewis Hancock was transferred to the government of Brazil on 1 August 1967, and was commissioned on the same day in the Brazilian Navy as NAE Piaui (D 31). Piaui was stricken and broken up for scrap in 1989.

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1943 U.S.S. Hunt & U.S.S. Lewis Hancock Ship Launching Pin Back Button


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